Georges Braque (1882 – 1963)
Georges Braque was one of the most important painters of the 20th Century. He was involved in the creation of Fauvism and Cubism, two major art movements of the 20th Century. Braque’s work throughout his life was focused on still lifes and viewing objects through various perspectives. While his work with Pablo Picasso on developing Cubism is his best known work, Braque had a long career that extended beyond Cubism.
George Braque was born in 1882 in Argenteuil, France and grew up in Le Havre. He trained as a painter-decorator like his father. Later he studied at the Académie Humbert, where he met Francis Picabia and Coco Chanel. His early work was impressionistic, but quickly became influenced by the Fauves, a group that included Matisse and Dérain.
In 1909, Braque started working with Picasso to develop Cubism. Cubism was described as “the most radical attempt to stamp out ambiguity and to enforce one reading of the picture—that of a man-made construction, a colored canvas.”
Braque adopted a freer style of Cubism after the First World War and continued in the Cubist style, colourful, dreamlike still life and figure compositions. He passed away in 1963 in Paris aged 81.